Cucuteni culture or Cucuteni- trypillian culture is a unique phenomenon in human history. This is one of the oldest civilizations in Europe which was established several centuries before the appearance of human settlements in Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt.
Cucuteni civilization was widespread on the territory of present-day Moldova, Romania and Ukraine, our country being in the center of this area. Cucuteni-trypillian civilization, during its maximum expansion, reached an area of 350,000 km2. Its name was given by the discoveries made in 1884 and 1893 in Cucuteni settlements near Iasi in Romania and Tripoli, near Kiev in Ukraine.
Cucuteni culture stretched over an area of 35 000 square kilometers, on the territory of present-day Romania, Moldova and Ukraine.
The culture of this civilization is known for the best ceramic works. In any trypillian home archaeologists found between 30-200 ceramic works: plates and cups, amphorae, vases for ritual. The quality of the ceramic works was unparalleled: thin, smooth, painted red, white, black and brown. Ornamental rhythm was perfect, loaded with symbols and ornaments.
Cucutenian settlements in Moldova were discovered near several present villages, such as Varvareuca, Brînzeni, Văratic Cuban Costeşti, etc.